In my previous post I found that perceptions of politics and politicians often lead to political discontent.
I’m linking political discontent to populism.
But what is populism and who support it?
Mudde (2004) defines it as ‘an ideology that considers society to be ultimately separated into two homogeneous and antagonistic groups, “the pure people” versus “the corrupt elite”.
This explains why populism can be left-wing or right-wing or religious.
And what does that say about populist voters?
In his article ‘What unites the voter bases of populist parties?’ (2018), Matthijs Rooduijn, political scientist at the University of Amsterdam, compares the base of 15 populist parties across 11 Western Europe.
He found that despite a widely held belief, the electorates of populist parties do not always consist of individuals who are more likely to be ‘losers of globalization’ with Eurosceptic attitudes, low levels of political trust, and preferences for (more) direct democracy.
The voting bases of different kinds of populist parties strongly differ from each other. So is there something that populist voters have in common?
In my next post, I’ll try to find some answer